Iliotibial Band Syndrome Overview
Iliotibial Band (ITB) syndrome is a condition that often causes pain in the outside of the knee. The ITB itself is a thick connective tissue that originates at the hip and inserts into the knee; it is composed of the tendinous portions of the Tensor Fascia Latae and Gluteal muscles. The ITB’s purpose is to stabilise the knee joint and assist with movement.
If you have ITB syndrome, you may notice:
- Sharp pain, particularly on the outside of the knee
- Pain when the knee is bent to approximately 30 degrees
- Tightness and reduced flexibility
- Tenderness on the outside of the knee
- Pain when running or cycling
- If you suffer with any of these symptoms and suspect you may have ITB syndrome, contact your GP or local Sports Therapist/ Physiotherapist who can complete a thorough assessment to determine a clear diagnosis.
What Causes ITB Syndrome?
ITB syndrome is an overuse injury that usually presents as pain in the lateral aspect of the knee due to inflammation of a portion of the band, most commonly near the knee. It is most common in runners due to the repetitive knee flexion and extension (bending and straightening) of the knee required.
When the knee repetitively bends and straightens, the band slides of the lateral femoral condyle of the knee, causing excessive friction and thus inflaming the band, resulting in pain. It has been found that individuals diagnosed with ITB syndrome often have thickening of the band itself, which inflames the space between the ITB and femoral condyle.
A number of training factors have been suggested to be risk factors for ITB syndrome:
- Excessive running in the same direction on a track
- Increased running mileage
- Downhill running
- Wearing worn out shoes with improper support
How to treat ITB syndrome?
The immediate goal when treating ITB syndrome is to reduce the local inflammation and thus limit the pain. Ice and anti-inflammatory medications may assist in the reduction in the initial pain, however the most important aspect of initial treatment is activity modification. It could simply be that the individual needs to cease downhill running or running in one direction on a track- educating the individual on correct running techniques is very important.
Once the inflammation has subsided, a programme can be introduced to begin strengthening the gluteal muscles and stretching the TFL/ITB complex. When the gluteal muscles do not function correctly, other muscles must compensate and perform work that they are not suited for.
How can LIVEWELL help you?
Our therapists at LIVEWELL are highly qualified in assessing and treating musculoskeletal conditions; you may find that you would benefit from soft tissue therapy, particularly of the TFL and hip-flexors to reduce tightness and improve flexibility. We can also assist in determining whether your bio-mechanics need altering and helping with strength programmes to target the desired muscles. With our areas of knowledge and expertise we can help you overcome ITB syndrome and have you back running pain free.